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What is Ubuntu? Why Do People Use It?

Ubuntu is an operating system just like our Windows and Mac OS but more advanced and designed to handle difficult tasks. Ubuntu is free and can be used for both personal and professional needs. Ubuntu was made with one motive in mind, and that was to create and distribute applications freely. 

Linux Tutorial Sep 28, 21 by Nisal N 9 min Read
What is Ubuntu? Why Do People Use It?

With Ubuntu, you can create and customize your own applications by running some codes. And you can distribute them to other operating systems without running a risk of data loss or disabilities of the applications. Among many Linux-based operating systems, Ubuntu is one of them, and it can be used in computers, network servers, and even smartphones. 

Ubuntu was developed by Canonical Ltd, a company based in England, and they made the platform open-sourced. Let’s dig a little deeper into the Ubuntu operating system and learn how it benefits its users.

What is the History of Ubuntu?

Debian was a previous Linux operating system, and Ubuntu was created from that only and got released in 2004. Debian used to work in 1993 and has gone through many changes and advanced modifications over the decades. But when Debian first got released, some people pointed out that Debian was not easy to install and maintain. And it also lacked frequent updates that should only make the operating system better. 

But in 2004, Mark Shuttleworth decided to improve the Debian operating system by opening the Canonical company. Mark Shuttleworth is a South African entrepreneur who also sold a security company in the same year Ubuntu got released.

Here is a comparison between Debian vs Ubuntu! Read more

Ubuntu 4.10 was released in 2004, and the company decided that it would release Ubuntu updates every six months from the last month of releasing an update. And every update has eighteen-month support. Ubuntu was distributed among users as free of cost through the CD or has been emailed for free. 

In 2005, Shuttleworth created another company named Ubuntu Foundation to create future developments of the operating system. And after 4 more years, Ubuntu was advanced to help open-source cloud management platforms like Amazon Elastic compute clouds for advanced web applications development.

Ubuntu has some popular distributions that help users from many parts of the world to create web applications and manage them seamlessly. 

What are the Popular Ubuntu Distributions?

Ubuntu helps to make a wide range of distributions for a new and unique kind of desktop environment. Let’s take a look at the popular operating systems that are based on the Ubuntu OS.

Linux Mint

  • Linux Mint is a very intuitive desktop operating system that does not operate on much memory space.
  • You can customize Linux Mint simply and set up various widgets or themes right from its settings.
  • Updating, backing up data, restoring updates or data, fixing glitches, all is done with just a simple click.
  • It comes with a Timeshift feature that makes it easy to restore and maintain the operating system.
  • You can turn on the automatic update from its Preference menu.
  • You can perform troubleshooting on your own with the help of some guides available on the distro.

LXDE OS

  • LXDE OS allows you to renovate your old desktop so that it works like new again.
  • Comes with a simple and user-friendly, lightweight desktop interface.
  • Provides all the important functions an operating system should have.
  • Simple to configure. 
  • OS available for 32 and 64 bit
  • Comes with many software programmes preinstalled.
  • Various wallpapers and customization options are available.

Zorin OS

  • Zorin is a secure Ubuntu-based distro that respects your privacy
  • It’s safe, fast, and powerful
  • It is simple to maintain for work and security 
  • Provides you with all the professional and organizational functions to make your workspace better
  • You can access Zorin remotely and access other devices from it
  • It encrypts the communication between the server and your computer automatically. 

Elementary OS

  • Elementary OS is perfect for beginner users who have never used Ubuntu before
  • Offers a simple and user-friendly interface 
  • It kind of looks like the Mac OS desktop environment 
  • A wide range of apps come pre-installed
  • Updates regularly 
  • Various available packages on the repositories

Pop!_OS

  • Pop OS is for rather advanced users and professionals who know how to use Ubuntu for their advantages
  • Is an open-sourced platform, reliable, and secure
  • It encrypts your installation and offers you preinstalled full-disk encryption
  • You will receive a private encryption key with the computer
  • Fast navigation and comes with the auto-tilting feature

All these Ubuntu distributions come with their own advantages. But all Ubuntu operating systems have some common advantages to provide to the users. 

What Are the Advantages of the Ubuntu Operating System?

Let’s have a look at the reasons why Ubuntu is so popular:

Open-sourced

Ubuntu’s source code is open-sourced, which means you can customize and use the OS freely. Depending on your requirements and wishes, you can tweak its codes to make the OS suitable for your personal preferences. 

Free of Cost

Ubuntu operating system is free of cost that you can easily download and install. This is a big advantage for the users because it can benefit both organizations and individuals simultaneously. Maintaining your system costs a lot of budgets but not in the case of Ubuntu.

Secure and Privacy Protected

Ubuntu is the most secure system ever because you can change its code to make it more secure. You can grant or disable the permissions for apps to limit what they can do on your computer. Additionally, it comes with an in-built firewall to keep away threats. Its regular updates ensure that your operating system is running up to date. 

Guaranteed Support

Canonical and the Ubuntu community is supporting Ubuntu continuously and will do in the future. The company and the community work together to produce new updates to add new features to Ubuntu, fix bugs, make it more efficient, and more.

It Meets All Your Needs 

Ubuntu supports all your needs, no matter if you are a beginner user or an advanced one. Moreover, it comes with preinstalled applications such as LibreOffice, Firefox, VLC, etc., for the users.

100% Customizable

You can change almost everything about Ubuntu with a little tweak of its codes and make it suitable for your own usage.

Cross-Platform OS

Ubuntu is available for set up on emulated environments or virtual environments, and you can do it with a VM or containers. You can use Ubuntu for network servers, cloud servers, robots, and many other devices that also include Windows and Mac.

Works as a Great Training Tool

An open-sourced Ubuntu distro is perfect for training and development. If you are starting your journey as a software developer, website developer, or equivalent, it’s the first thing to start with.

Even with all these advantages, Ubuntu comes with some downsides too. But the advantages always outweigh the disadvantages when it comes to Ubuntu.

What Are the Disadvantages of Ubuntu?

Now, let’s have a look at the problems you might be facing while using a Ubuntu distro:

Takes Heavy System Resources

Even though Ubuntu can manage system resources efficiently compared to other operating systems, it takes more CPU resources to perform properly. It even takes more resources than Lubuntu and Xubuntu.

Does not Provide Excellent Gaming

Ubuntu has advanced throughout the years, and even though you can’t play all the AAA titles right now, you can start sooner or later with Ubuntu. You can play games from Stream or PlayOnLinux, though, to enjoy high-quality gaming on Ubuntu.

Conclusion

You can find Ubuntu on devices such as web servers, email servers for programming, virtualization, DNS server, loT devices, file server, NAS, TV OS, and many other devices. The primary version of Ubuntu is GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment). It is a combination of GUI and a group of applications that makes it easy to use Ubuntu operating systems. Apart from the regular Ubuntu distributions, there are Edubuntu, Kubuntu, Ubuntu Server Edition, JeOS, Xubuntu, etc. editions available for different types of users. In case you need more information about Ubuntu, do check out our other articles.

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Nisal N

Computers has always fascinated me since I was a kid and here we are. I love travelling for 2 reasons: the first one to see a new part of the world and second (the most important one) to experience the rich culture hidden among the country and people. I'm pretty good at cooking but very poor when it comes to baking.

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