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Linux is an open-source software operating system initially created for use by computers working with the Intel x86 architecture. Important to note is that Linux is the most used operating system on servers in mainframe computers and supercomputers.
To tap the functionalities of the Linux operating system, many companies are going for Linux servers. They are designed to handle the ever-growing and dynamic network and business administration requirements of businesses.
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Types of Linux Servers
As aforementioned, Linux is the most popular web server designed to manage the vast demands of business applications such as databases, system administration, web servers, and networks. Here are popular Linux servers.
1. Ubuntu Server
Ubuntu is considered the most popular Linux distribution, responsible for bringing the Linux operating system to the masses. Ubuntu is also very competitive and works with various virtualization platforms and hardware.
Some of the features that companies using Ubuntu enjoy are scalability as companies can expand their offerings, website serve up, containers, and file sharing (Ubuntu FTP server).
Ubuntu is also beneficial to your infrastructure as it offers per node packaging for security, comprehensive software, and IaaS support. With an Ubuntu server, you have everything you need to scale your data center. You get the technical and economic scalability you need for your data center with the server.
With the Ubuntu server GUI, you have the choice to install a graphical unit but since it drains a lot of resources, people often use the Linux shell. With Ubuntu SSH, you can directly connect to the server from the comfort of your home PC (or laptop).
2. Red Hat Enterprise Server
Red Hat Enterprise server is yet another Linux distribution designed for commercial use. It comes with comprehensive cloud computing products such as management and cloud infrastructure that help manage cloud solutions.
Red Hat Linux servers are easy to control and administer. They can also be deployed in the cloud, as a guest, or on physical systems. The server also arranges hardware resources for your computing requirements to support a wide range of commercial applications, custom applications, and other hardware platforms.
Red Hat boasts the stability, security, and robustness necessary to support modern data centers. Red Hat is also ideal for cloud servers, containers, virtualization, and big data.
3. Fedora server
Fedora allows system administrators to leverage the most recent open-source technologies. The server is ideal for businesses looking for secure and powerful platforms. The server also comes with a robust PostgreSQL Database Server.
Fedora features automatic updates, fast boot, virtualization, graphics, and enterprise-level flexibility. Using SSH Linux, you can access the Fedora server remotely from anywhere across the globe.
Benefits of using Linux Servers
A significant percentage of network administrators prefer Linux servers to Windows for the benefits of an open-source platform (Linux vs Windows). The number of servers running on Linux in data centers and on the internet has been growing as users look to get the following benefits.
Flexibility is among the features that make servers running on Linux stand out. Linux is robust and flexible, allowing system administrators to tune it to their needs. Whether you want to operate the server through a terminal or install a graphical user interface, you can do it.
Linux servers also come with thousands of tools and utilities which you can use for a wide range of things. We are talking about networking and disk management, performance monitoring, adding users, managing services, performing system startup, and even building applications from a source code.
The shell program in Linux servers offers you a consistent and ideal environment for running other programs on the platform. The Linux shell also allows users to execute repetitive commands, make decisions, create new utilities and automate administration tasks.
Linux server gives users complete freedom and control of a machine, allowing them to customize the server if need be.
2. Free and open-source
The Linux source code is free to distribute, yet another feature that makes Linux servers suitable. Users can thus enhance the efficiency and the performance of their servers. Users can check the code for vulnerabilities and bugs and even evaluate the action of the code on the machine.
Users can also add programs to the server thanks to the availability of multiple programming interfaces. Thanks to this provision, users can tailor Linux servers to suit their needs.
Linux is undoubtedly the most secure kernel available, making Linux servers suitable. Note that servers provide access to remote clients for services. As the servers open up to these requests, they expose themselves to security vulnerabilities.
Linux servers implement a wide range of techniques to keep services and files secure from abuse and attacks and to beef up security. Some of the mechanisms used include firewall and TCP wrappers to control service access to enhance security.
For a system or user to access resources on a Linux server, they must have permission. Unauthorized access is blocked to ensure security.
4. Stability and reliability
A server must be accessible, usable, and have overall good performance. The components of the server must also ensure uptime and provide end-to-end reliability.
Linux servers are designed to provide stable, reliable, powerful, and easy-to-use environments. The servers are known for their reliability as they run for years without the need to be restarted or experiencing failure.
Process management, programs, systems configuration, and the implementation of security are some of the components that make Linux servers stable. So how stable and reliable are Linux systems?
You can change systems and configuration files without having to reboot the server. This is not the case with operating systems like Windows. Linux mechanisms for process management are also very efficient. The security provided by Linux systems also blocks influence from external sources that can interfere with the server's performance.
There are fantastic things you can do with Linux servers when it comes to systems administration. That is why system administrators consider them the most reliable, efficient, and strategic platforms for business systems in small companies and large corporates. The bigger percentage of servers run on Linux, further explaining how advantageous the servers are.
Security, flexibility, efficiency, and reliability are only a few among the many reasons Linux servers beat the other alternatives available.
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